The Neotropical parrots or New World parrots comprise approximately 150 species found throughout South and Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean islands.
In Africa many populations of parrots are threatened with extinction. Parrots there face an increasing number of threats, from harvesting for the wildlife trade and habitat loss, to disease and persecution.
In Continental Asia the distribution of Parrots is rather remarkable. None extend further westward than the valley of the Indus.
New Zealand is geographically isolated, and originally lacked any mammalian predators, so parrots evolved to fill a diverse range of habitats from ground dwelling to the alpine and forest species. Today one species is on the brink of extinction and three other species range from vulnerable to critically endangered. Introduced (non native) parrot species have resulted in self-sustaining populations of some Australian species.
The smaller Pacific island countries (Fiji, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Nuie, Pitcarin Islands, Pohnpei, Samoa, American Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu) are teeming with parrot species. The chance to see parrots in the wild boosts eco-tourism in this part of the world.
Parrots, also known as psittacines , are birds of the roughly 372 species in 86 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions. The order is subdivided into three superfamilies:
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